Archaia Istoria [ 19:32 ] A Brief History of Greek Colonization.
In our series we are mainly focused on mainland Greece and much of their northern neighbors.
However, the history of the Greeks goes beyond the shores of the Aegean.
Greek influence stretched much further out to the eastern edges of the Mediterranean past the Bosphorus Straits and all the way to the western limits of the greater known world.
In this episode we’ll look at the wider peripheries of the Greek world her colonies across the Mediterranean and the mother cities that sent them.
Colonies in the Black Sea, lavon and Magna Graecia all had profound effects on their neighbors and the lasting history of their regions.
This is what we will largely be focusing on today.
But first we need to understand the origin in both nature and history of the scattered outposts of Greek civilization.
Before the Greeks expanded their influence abroad to the edges of the Mediterranean another older civilization had done the same but in the smaller area much closer to home in the Aegean Sea.
The ancient Mykenaeans.
We all quickly go over their role in brief.
The Mykenaeans– with the ancient proto Greek Empire of the 15th to the 12th centuries BCE –stretched from the south of Crete to the western coast the Ionian islands and stretched north the Thessaly.
Now you may probably know Mykenaeans best from the fantastic tale of Homer’s Iliad– the epic campaign of the Mykennaeans and King Agamemnon against the city of Troy to recapture the kidnapped wife of his brother Meneleus.
Although the Trojan War is wrapped in both fact and fiction, the presence of a great Aegean confederation was very real.
The Mykennaean presence could be felt from the east and Sicily to the western shores of the Mediterranean.
The Mykennaean civilization however came to a sudden end with the Bronze Age collapse –which unsurprisingly saw the end of the Bronze Age –and the demise of the many great empires in Mediterranean.
How and why this occurred is up for debate.